The roots are the basis for your plant's growth. The goal of the roots is to absorb water and nutrients from the root zone, then transport them up through the plant via its root system. Your plants' leaves require these resources during photosynthesis.
Your crop's roots, on the other hand, aren't a one-way street. Some of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) formed during photosynthesis is returned to the roots for storage — like during bloom when your plants are under less light.
There are several factors that influence root growth, including temperature, humidity levels, and the availability of oxygen. Even though the upper portion of your plant uses carbon dioxide, your crop's roots require oxygen. This is why it's so important to ensure adequate air circulation in the root zone.
Many growers waste money and resources by feeding their plants more nutrients and supplements than the roots can handle. The fact is that once your roots have reached their maximum capacity for storage, any additional nutrients you give them will simply be lost in the root zone.
If you make the roots bigger, they can store more and produce more. Bigger roots mean a better plant.
Let's look at how we can stimulate plant root development now that we understand the importance of creating the biggest root systems possible.
One important element of plant life that stimulates root growth is the presence of microbes. These microorganisms are vital to their host plant's health and interact with it through chemical or physical means. One way they benefit the plant is by stimulating root development. This occurs because existing roots will extend further into the soil when microbial activity is present. This enables the plant to gather more water and nutrients because roots can now access different pockets of soil than they could before.
The cause of the root extension has to do with a chemical known as auxin. It is produced by microbes and stimulates roots to grow. Another important effect that microorganisms have on plants—including their roots—is nutrient mobilization. This is when microbes convert certain nutrients in the soil into forms that are more readily absorbed by plant roots. Certain plant species also rely on mycorrhizal fungi to help them absorb certain minerals, such as phosphorus and nitrogen, from the surrounding area. Microorganisms can also break down chemicals or physical barriers that stand in the way of roots' growth
Grow your soil. Microbes help plants by working with them. The microorganisms help the plant grow bigger and have healthier roots. This leads to a bigger and more healthy plant that grows well and thrives.
Fungi and bacteria are the two types of beneficial microorganisms found in healthy soil. These organisms collaborate with the roots in a variety of ways to encourage root development and overall plant function, health, and size.
Fungi & Bacteria are able to colonize in various locations throughout the root structure, thus enhancing overall root mass and nutrient absorption capability.
Other bacteria and fungi combat infections and diseases, protecting your plants against harmful pathogens and illness while also aiding in the recovery of damaged plants.
Microorganisms in your garden are good for plants. They break down nutrients and micronutrients so they are easier for plants to use. Microorganisms also provide growth and bloom cofactors to your plants, which aids in terpene & flower production.
As with all gardening nutrient and supplement formulations, not all root development fertilizers and microbial fertilizers are made equal. So, how can you tell what to look for in a good microbial consortium?
To begin, you must study the kind of microbes that are favorable to the plants you cultivate. There are hundreds of distinct strains and species of helpful fungi and bacteria available, but you need the appropriate strains and species in proper proportions in order to reap their benefits.
Second, you'll want to learn how the microbes were created. Some nutrient and microbial supplement companies combine multiple types of bacteria and fungi together in a single vat, but this generates an unstable microflora that can harm your garden rather than help it.
For example, although some helpful microorganisms may coexist in a root-zone environment, certain beneficial microbes are incompatible when bottled together in a concentrated solution, thus the manufacturer must be aware of which strains and species are incompatible to bottle individually so that the microbial populations are kept within the container.